Technology has been rising for the past few years, and all electronic devices like laptops, computers, and many more have become a crucial necessity for everyone in their daily lives.
People are using these electronic devices so much that e-waste is also increasing at an alarming rate. Only a tiny amount of e-waste is collected and recycled, and this e-waste includes bronze, silver, and gold.
E-waste is a hazardous problem, and it not only increases waste and its harmful substances accumulate in landfills, deteriorates the groundwater, and ultimately causes various diseases.
What is e-waste?
E-waste includes any electronic product that is not working or near its end, like computers, phones, home appliances, etc. They include the waste that is not in working condition and is discarded into the garbage. Electronic waste is hazardous for the environment as it contains harmful chemicals that leach from the metals and cause a serious threat to environmental protection
The challenge of disposing of this unwanted e-waste is not new, but a lot of change has come to their disposal like these wastes are taken into use to make different useful products.
Metals Extraction Process from Electronic Waste
This concept came into action for proper waste management, and it seems to be a difficult task due complications than traditional waste, Normal home waste could be recycled by anyone and doesn’t need any expertise but to dispose electronic waste chemicals are used which could be only used by Experts and extract metals from E-waste.
But, In last it seems to be successful because of the methods. These methods destroy the electronics by using the different chemical processes and extract silver, gold, and bronze types materials.
Acidic Extraction Method:
The first method involves using mixed hydrochloric nitric acids to dissolve the gold and then extract pure gold from the acids. However, this process is risky and releases toxic gases so could be done safely by experienced professionals only.
In this method electrolysis are used to extract the gold from electronic components after crushing. It requires the use of sodium cyanide, a highly dangerous chemical, to separate the gold particles. it helps to dispose electronic waste and reduce the environmental impact.
The one of the best example is 2020 Olympic in that around 5,000 medals are designed by recycling E-waste. Apart from the medals, ribbons of medals are also designed with eco-friendly materials. Usage of non-toxic recycled Polyester fiber is done that generates a very small amount of carbon-di-oxide.
Even the podiums are designed in an eco-friendly manner; around 98 podiums are designed with 3D print, and to design these podiums, around 1.5 million recycled plastic packagings are used. A very unique and eco-friendly idea!
Advantages of recycling e-waste
A considerable number of advantages are there to recycling e-waste, and it dramatically helps the environmental management system. Let’s have a quick view of these benefits.
- The primary benefit of electronic waste disposal is that by teaching this activity, it is environmentally friendly. Recycling electronic devices significantly lower the risk of pollution and reduces energy consumption.
- It dramatically reduces ecological imbalance. For example, if you ever buy electronic devices, they come with less packaging and optimal energy efficiency. Moreover, recycling e-waste paves a path for creative solutions.
- Recycling e-waste creates more space in landfills, as their harmful components are separated, which causes fewer risks to the environment.
- Another tremendous advantage of recycling e-waste is that it increases the opportunity for people in urgent need of electronic gadgets.
- It dramatically helps save natural resources, as many natural resources are non-renewable, and with proper recycling, components are recovered.
To come up with methods of e-waste disposal is definetly help to recycling and make the environment healthier, and an eco-friendly tip has been set up in front of the whole world. Instead of producing more waste, think over the ways of disposal it, like recycling e-waste is done in the medal-making process.
By doing so, your generated waste can be fruitful to others. Hopefully, this creative campaign has encouraged others also to adopt this to live a sustainable life.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. Which country produces the most e-waste?
In 2023 India becomes produced a considerable number of electronic waste, and this has become a challenging situation for the environment and for the people of the country.
Q2. Why is electronic waste considered to be hazardous?
Electronic waste is a type of waste that includes many harmful chemicals that can cause serious threats to the environment and people. The harmful toxins leach into the soil and water and pollute it.
Q3. Why is there growth in electronic waste?
The cause of growth in e-waste is the short life of various electronic devices and the world goes to digital faster than ever and relies on electronic devices such as laptop, phones, home appliances and more. Usually After two years, people discard these electronic devices and shift to new ones.
Q4. Olympic 2020 medals are designed From?
Olympic medals are designed from gold, silver, and bronze materials, but in the Tokyo Olympics, every medal is designed from material extracted from electronic waste. A great turning point in the Olympics and environmental history.